Sunday, January 26, 2020


RISE OF INDUSTRIAL CAPITALISM INTRODUCTION Any society is capitalist if the means of production that is tools and materials belongs to the employer and not the employees and the employees produce commodities belonging to their employer. Commodity is something produced for the chief purpose of being exchanged. With increased wealth the leisure class improves in structure and function. Differentiation jets in with less elaborate rank and class. Hence this has led to the upper class and the lower class that depended on the lower class for their survival giving rise to the workers and non workers this develops into capitalism. This paper seeks to explain the rise of industrial capitalism with one claim which serves as thesis that the rise of industrial Capitalism was a result of unequal distribution of wealth in communities giving rise to the non workers who owned the means of production and also the workers. This includes trade practiced by people in the higher class consuming more the workers could produce hence as time goes th ey require more and more people in the lower class to produce for them. Industrial capitalism is a system both social and economic whereby industry and resources are owned by few for profit. In this capitalist system means of production were privately owned. America witnessed the growth of Industrial capitalism in late 19th century and early 20th century. . In any capitalistic state, property is privately owned and is protected by the supreme law of that state. Thus in the rise of industrial capitalism, we are looking at starting of when individuals in a society started acquiring property privately. The rise of industrial capitalization was as a result of five main view points which include: conspicuous consumption, great monopoly, scientific management and difference in living standards. According to Thorestein Veblen on his conspicuous consumption theory stated that rise of industrial capitalization was as a result of wealth accumulation to a few number of people, thus the wealthy developed more in function and structure as a result of having access to more goods and services. Thus there arose a difference in class structure. This was further enhanced through inheritance of wealth and inheritance of gentility. With the inheritance of gentility came the inheritance of obligatory leisure. Thus those who were born wealthy outranked the others born in less wealthy families thus the unlucky to be born in the poor families became the servants of their masters.In this case to rise the ladder from the lower level to high level could take decades of years if not centuries. This in turn resulted into unequal state. This is referred to as feudalism that brought increased ‘primary accumulation of resources or investment capital. .According to Henry Demarest on the story of great monopoly rise of industrial capitalism came about as a result of monopoly in some useful natural resource in this case it was fuel. This monopoly of fuel resource needed by so many people; resulted in acquisition of wealth and elevated some peoples standards. In principle of scientific management as a result of recorgnising the importance of conservation of natural resources scientific management has slowed down the fast rise in capitalism. This created a know how in how the environment had been affected negatively in the search for wealth to be used by few people at the expense of the masses. The difference in living standards was brought about by Jacob Riis where he states that long ago one part of the world did not know how the other part lived because they simply didnt care. The half on top cared little for the others struggling so there was a build up in number of people struggling to a point in which crowding was so much at the bottom creating discomfort to a point where the bottom could not be ignored. CONSPICOUS CONSUMPTION Conspicuous consumption theory of industrial capitalism started as a result of differentiation within class this was a result of the rich owning the means of production. The leisure class which was known for its reckless consumption stood ahead of the social structure in point of reputation. Thus in the survey of growth of conspicuous consumption, it appeared that the utility of both was alike and lied in the element of waste which is common in both. This consumption resulted into depletion and wastage of resources and the workers rioting against the non workers. They wasted goods, time, and effort as a way of demonstrating the possession of wealth. The consumption becomes larger element in the standard of living. Thus rise in rush for wealth to maintain a higher social status. Consumption became a larger element in standard of living in the city than in the country in an effort to remain decent in the city. The higher class would spent without care to that they are wealthy and in tu rn the other people in the City who belonged to the same class would also do the same; competing on who could ‘consume more. GREAT MONOPOLY Great monopoly gave wealthy individuals control over important natural that were vital in production and by so doing influenced industrial capitalism by owning the raw materials for instance coal and petroleum. Petroleum in cities in the United States as well as well as other countries serves to control the production for the people in lower class failed to acquire the power to manufacture their goods if they had any. Majority of oils production in America, manufacture and export had been controlled for long period by a single corporation which had a monopoly for very long. These monopolies could control the whole economy from production, manufacture and even distribution and pricing the goods and services available. PRINCIPLES OF SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT Scientific management influenced rise in industrial capitalism in that the whole country at once recognized the importance of conserving material resources. In the past the prevailing idea had been that the right man for the job could be found and the methods of production would be safely left to him which was an old system of personal management. Acquiring of products was at the expense of the environment. DIFFERENCE IN STANDARD OF LIVING Difference in standards of living came as a result of one part of the world not caring about the other part thus those underneath facing crowding and discomfort so great that the consequent upheavals became so violent it was no longer easy to do anything and the upper half failed to inquire what the matter was. Thus capitalism came about where everyone for himself in search for personal property. This scenario resulted to poor masses that would live under the mercy of help from other countries of from their extravagant neighbors who were the course of the problem. CONCLUSION In conclusion the rise of Industrial Capitalism in many parts of the World especially America and Western counties was a result of control of the means of production and consumerism as President Roosevelt argued that the Americans were misusing resources. The scramble to acquire in America was the root cause of industrial Capitalism. People who criticize capitalism put forward the argument that Industrial capitalism was associated with unfair and quite inefficient distribution of wealth creates imperialism and counter revolution wars fighting against economic and cultural exploitation repressions of workers and trade unionists, and phenomena such as social alienation inequality, unemployment, and economic instability. Critics have argued that there is an inherent tendency towards oligolopolistic structures when laissez-faire is combined with capitalist private property. Capitalism is regarded by many socialists to be irrational in that production and the direction the economy is unplanned, creating many inconsistencies and internal contradictions. Environmentalists have argued that capitalism requires continual economic growth, and will inevitably deplete the finite natural resources of the earth, and other broadly utilized resources After the Industrial Capitalism the world has witnessed another form of capitalism which is almost similar and that is financial capitalism. America witnessed the entry to Industrial age and this affected the Americans both economically and socially especially the blacks who still were regarded as outsiders and could not settle in some places especially in the North and could not be allowed to own property in some cases. With Industrial Capitalism it made that the blacks were more sidelined and became poorer and poorer. Capitalism concentrated resources to a few whites and the consumerism culture that developed then saw America face the Great Recession of early 20th century. President Roosevelt had to change the policies of pay to improve the lives of many poor Americans who had been made poor by capitalist policies that concentrated wealth and means of production on a few hands. Bibliography Primary Sources Lloyd, Demarest Henry, The Story of a Great Monopoly, The Atlantic Monthly, March 1881. Taylor Winslow Fredrick, Principals of Scientific Management, 1911. Veblen, Thorestein, The Theory of Leisure Class: An Economic Study of Institutions (New York: Macmillan,1902): 68-101. Secondary Sources Diggins, Patrick John, Thorstein Veblen (New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1999): 83-85. Kilcullen, John, Marx On Capitalism (Sidney: Macquarie University, 1996): 1-2. Riis, A Jacob, How the Other Half lives (Minnesota: Kessinger Publishing, 2004): 130-13 Zentes, Tamà ¡s, The transformation of the world economy (Mexico City: United, 1988): 38.

Saturday, January 18, 2020

About Type 2 Diabetes Essay

Around 2.6 million people in the UK have been diagnosed with diabetes. About nine in 10 of these people have type 2 diabetes. It usually affects people over the age of 40, but can develop at any age. People of African-Caribbean or South Asian origin are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. It usually affects them earlier in life, from about the age of 25. Type 2 diabetes is becoming more common, particularly in children. Type 2 diabetes develops when your body can’t produce enough insulin or if your body doesn’t respond to insulin as it should. Insulin regulates the level of glucose in your blood. Glucose is a simple form of sugar found in foods and sugary drinks. It’s absorbed by your body as a natural part of digestion and is carried around your body in your blood. When glucose reaches your body tissues, such as muscle cells, it’s absorbed and converted into energy. Insulin is secreted into your blood by your pancreas, which is a gland located behind your stomach. If your cells don’t respond properly to insulin, it can cause glucose to build up in your blood. This is called insulin resistance. If this happens, your pancreas needs to produce more and more insulin to overcome the resistance and control your blood glucose levels. Types of diabetes There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. There are about two million people in the UK who have diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is the common form, affecting nine out of every 10 people with diabetes. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes Many people with type 2 diabetes have no obvious symptoms. It’s often discovered during a routine medical check-up with your GP.If you do have symptoms of type 2 diabetes, you may: †¢pass more urine than usual See more: My Writing Process Essay †¢be constantly thirsty †¢have unexplained weight loss †¢be extremely tired †¢have blurred vision †¢have itchy skin around your genitals or get regular infections, such as thrush †¢notice that wounds such as cuts heal slowly If you have any of these symptoms, see your GP. nitially, some people find they don’t have any symptoms. So if you think you may be at risk of type 2 diabetes, speak to your GP about having a screening blood test.  Complications of type 2 diabetes If type 2 diabetes isn’t diagnosed or controlled properly, you can develop blood glucose levels that are either too high (hyperglycaemia) or too low (hypoglycaemia). Hyperglycaemia If type 2 diabetes is poorly controlled or you get an infection, glucose can build up in your blood and rise to high levels. This can cause you to: †¢be thirsty †¢pass urine excessively †¢have blurred vision †¢feel tired Very rarely, if you become dehydrated and your blood glucose rises to very high levels, you can develop a condition called hyperosmolar hyperglycaemic state. This can cause you to become drowsy and potentially unconscious. Hyperosmolar hyperglycaemic state is a medical emergency and needs to be treated in hospital. In the long-term, uncontrolled high blood glucose levels can increase your risk of: †¢kidney failure †¢blindness †¢nerve damage †¢heart disease †¢stroke Hypoglycaemia Sometimes, if your medication is too strong or you miss a meal, your blood glucose levels can become too low (hypoglycaemia). This only happens if you’re taking certain medicines such as gliclazide (or others of the same type), repaglinide or insulin (of any type). If your blood glucose is low, you may go pale, feel sweaty and become confused. If you develop hypoglycaemia, it’s important to eat or drink something containing glucose, for example fruit juice or some sweets. Causes of type 2 diabetes There are several risk factors that make you more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, including if you: †¢are overweight or obese – in particular, if you’re an ‘apple shape’ with lots of fat around your abdomen (tummy) †¢have a close family member with the condition †¢are of African-Caribbean or South-Asian origin †¢are over 40 – your risk increases with age †¢have high blood pressure or have had a heart attack or stroke †¢don’t exercise regularly †¢have severe mental health problems †¢are a woman and have polycystic ovary syndrome and are overweight †¢are a woman and have had diabetes that developed during pregnancy (gestational diabetes) If you have a condition such as impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glycaemia, this means the level of glucose in your blood is naturally higher than normal and you’re more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Diagnosis of type 2 diabetes Your GP will ask about your symptoms and examine you. He or she may also ask about your medical history. You may need to have some of the following tests. †¢Urine test. You will need to give a sample to be tested for glucose. †¢Fasting blood glucose test. You will have a sample of blood taken from your arm to test for glucose. You will need to fast overnight before having this test. You may have this with a glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1C) test. HbA1C is a protein that is produced when you have high blood glucose levels over a long period of time. †¢Glucose tolerance test. This may be needed if your fasting blood glucose test is borderline. It measures how your blood glucose level changes over time after you have a sugary drink. You will need to fast overnight before having this test. Treatment of type 2 diabetes There isn’t a cure for type 2 diabetes but it can be controlled. Some people can control their condition with lifestyle changes alone. Others need to take medicines or use insulin injections. Self-help By making the following lifestyle changes, you can help control your blood glucose levels. †¢Eat a healthy balanced diet with regular meals, three times a day. Include carbohydrates, such as pasta or potatoes in each meal. †¢Aim to do 150 minutes of moderate exercise over a week in bouts of 10 minutes or more. This will help you to stay a healthy weight and control your blood glucose levels. †¢Only drink alcohol in moderation and stick within the recommended limits. †¢If you smoke, give up. Smoking is unhealthy for everyone, but it’s especially important to stop if you have diabetes because you already have an increased risk of developing circulatory problems and cardiovascular  disease. Oral medicines If lifestyle changes alone don’t keep your blood glucose levels under control, you may be prescribed medicines. Some examples are listed below. †¢Metformin works by reducing the amount of glucose that gets released into your bloodstream from your liver. It also improves the way glucose is used by your muscles. †¢Gliclazide, glipizide, glimepiride and tolbutamide help your pancreas to produce more insulin. †¢Repaglinide and nateglinide also help your pancreas to produce more insulin, but work more quickly and last for a shorter time. †¢Acarbose lowers your blood glucose by slowing down the rate at which some carbohydrates are absorbed by your body. †¢Pioglitazone reduces your body’s resistance to insulin. †¢Sitagliptin, saxagliptin and vildagliptin help your body to produce more insulin at mealtimes. These medicines are usually taken between one and three times a day. Injections You may be prescribed other medicines such as exenatide or liraglutide. These medicines are given by injection and work by helping your body to make more insulin when it’s needed. They can also reduce your appetite and help you lose weight. If lifestyle changes and medicines can’t keep your blood glucose levels under control, you may need to have insulin injections as well as, or instead of, tablets. You will usually inject yourself with insulin once or twice a day, using either a small needle or a pen-type syringe with replaceable cartridges. There are several different types of insulin that work at different rates and for different lengths of time. Ask your GP for advice on which type is best for you. If you have insulin injections, you will need to monitor your blood glucose levels with a home test kit. This involves taking a pinprick of blood from your finger and putting a drop on a testing strip. A meter will read the result automatically. Your GP or diabetes specialist nurse will show you how to monitor your blood glucose levels and tell you how often you need to check it. Monitoring your blood glucose level You may also need to have your levels of HbA1C tested at least twice a year. The test is done by taking blood from a vein in your arm or sometimes a drop of blood from a fingerprick. It’s used to see how well you’re controlling your blood sugar  levels.

Friday, January 10, 2020

The Appeal of Elderly Essay

The Appeal of Elderly Essay The prescription of multiple drugs is particularly typical in older adults who have a lot of several medical ailments. For example, medication taken to take care of hypertension among older people can easily result in depression. In many instances, a mixture of the subsequent treatments is most successful. Even though some have no problems, others suffer due to the mix of the drugs they're taking. The capacity to problem solve will serve you well as you get older. In some instances, the person will go off their food completely on account of the silent pain it causes. In the majority of cases there's a love supporting the pain, which might never be shown, or could possibly be spoke about before the individual crosses over. Somebody's crash risk increases beginning at age 55. The Hidden Secret of Elderly Essay Elderly individuals need somebody who has love for them, to acquire appropriate care. Some folks are challenged from essay and require exclusive care taking all their experience in the physical. If you need assistance, be sure that the individual you get to help you is someone the elderly person is comfortable with. Typically, old individuals need assistance and someone should interest them. Therefore your choice may be limited to what you will probably finish. Maintain a food diary if you truly wish to do it the appropriate way. You should respect an elderly requirements and wants, since they don't have a lot of time left to live. The very last thing an elderly person needs is an immense meal sat in front of those. Ok, I Think I Understand Elderly Essay, Now Tell Me About Elderly Essay! Or, if a senior just requires a hand with housekeeping and errands, a house companion can be found to help the individual in good superior home care. Also, see whether your agency makes it possible for you and your loved one to interview and select the most important home care aide for your house. The neglect of the elderly has come to be a continuing epidemic. Locating a suitable house, or home care attendant isn't always effortless. How to Find Elderly Essay Online Secondly, elderly men and women almost always require specialised care which they may feel confident about. Mo reover, Japanese families aren't living in sizeable numbers as they did previously. Elderly men and women are precious. They love to share. To begin with, the person could possibly be ageist with respect to others. Psychotherapy Most depressed men and women realize that support from family members and friends, involvement in self-help and support groups, and psychotherapy are extremely valuable. Local nursing homes are, naturally, a superior place forthe elderly individuals who do not have any family members and must live their last days alone. In such situations, the family members of such an elderly person locate a house near other aged folks, in locations where the amenities they want on a day-to-day basis are easily available. Whatever They Told You About Elderly Essay Is Dead Wrong...And Here's Why Taking care of a loved one is a big responsibility and you will need a rest from the demands. Taking on this responsibility is a struggle, which often contributes to frustration because of the lifestyle changes essential to supply the proper care. No one would like to live with, and look after an old person who's ill and generally tough deal with due to physical and emotional issues, that often require more care than they can offer. Besides providing the chance for them to interact with each other, activities can be organized so they remain fit. There are several different businesses that will give the in-home care. There might be an additional reason why the person is feeling unwell so it is necessary to tackle the issue by a process of elimination. Currently, not having geriatric services makes it challenging to give home care for the elderly. The New Angle On Elderly Essay Just Released The food that you feed them could ride on their life. Such folks are aware that the elderly needs to be respected because they're wiser, and their life experience is bigger. You can have all the money on earth and it can make life more comfortable. however, it won't ever replace relationships. Watching the body slowly disintegrate, as a result of lack of conscious awareness, isn't uncomplicated. No matter the situation, the elderly do need some kind of care. The jury said doctors need far better screening tools to r ecognize unsafe drivers. The telephone may be a huge source of frustration as is any kind of gadgetry.

Wednesday, January 1, 2020

The Theory Behind Public Speaking - 1765 Words

Avi Sternberg Public Speaking Final Reflection Paper Over the course of this semester, we have learned primarily about the theory behind public speaking. We’ve learned the differences between persuasive and informative speeches, what content should be included in a speech, and how to orally cite sources and had the chance to practice delivering a few speeches. In this paper, I will reflect on the experience I had in the class, what I’ve learned, and what my public speaking skills are going to be used for. Theoretical Concepts Before taking this course, I had some practical experience in public speaking. However, the role in which I performed this speaking was highly dynamic, somewhat conversational, and not grounded in theory. One of the advantages of taking this course was being exposed to the theoretical framework which supports more structured forms of speaking. Here is a brief list of some of the most critical ideas I was exposed to throughout the course. Ethical Speaking: I learned that speakers must ensure that they do not abuse the trust the audience puts in them, and can do so by making sure to only use reliable sources, logical arguments, and avoiding dubious claims. Use of Hooks/Closing Devices: I learned that speakers should find ways to immediately engage their audience, as well as also prepare their audience for the end of the speech. One of the best examples of this I saw during the class was Alec’s use of the noises Puerto-Rican tree frogs make in order toShow MoreRelatedHow Theories Of Education Have Changed Thought The Years1647 Words   |  7 Pageshow theories of education have changed thought the years and how teachers and students adapt to these changes. With the changes in multicultural classrooms and how students with disabilities have rights in public education. 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